Current Version Adopted by Council: December 2017
Review Date: 2020
Committee Ownership: Finance Committee (Investment Sub-committee)
1.1 The College’s investment assets are divided between (a) long term endowments, corporate capital and reserves ("Long Term Funds") which should be invested to provide income and capital growth or a total return sufficient to support spending requirements and maintain a capital value which at least correlates with inflation; and (b) shorter term endowments and other funds which should be invested emphasising certainty of value and ready availability ("Short Term Funds").
1.2 The spending rule for funds invested for total return is reviewed and agreed by the Investment Committee annually at a meeting in the Lent term.
2 Investment Objectives
2.1 The College seeks to produce the best financial return within an acceptable level of risk.
2.2 The investment objective for Long Term Funds is to generate a return, net of expenses associated with managing the funds, which 2.2.1 is in excess of inflation over the long term and
2.2.2 generates income or sustains withdrawal (as the case may be) sufficient to support the on-going activities of the College; 22.214.171.124 at a level which is reviewed annually by the Investment Committee and Finance Committee;
126.96.36.199 does not prejudice long term capital preservation in real terms; and
188.8.131.52 complies with relevant donation agreements or terms of trusts.
2.3 The investment objective for Short Term Funds is to preserve the capital value with a minimum level of risk. Assets should be sufficiently liquid to meet anticipated cash requirements.
2.4 The College is either permitted or required to adopt a total return approach on a substantial proportion of its assets. The total return approach generates the investment return from (a) income (whether accrued or received) and (b) capital gains or losses (whether realised or unrealised); less (c) the costs of management (accrued or paid). For Long Term Funds within this category, it is expected that, if in any one year the total return on the investments is insufficient to meet the budgeted expenditure or spending rule applicable to the funds, then the real value of the portfolio over the long term will still be maintained, in accordance with the investment objective above. Conversely returns in excess of the spending rule applicable to the funds will be retained to achieve those investment objectives.
2.5 For a small proportion of its Long Term Funds, the terms of the trusts require that the College may only spend the income generated. The maintenance of the capital value of such funds is of greater importance than short term income requirements. It is the medium-term intention of the College to make the constitutional and governance changes required to permit a total return approach to investment of these funds.
3.1 The College’s principal financial risks and uncertainties relate to being under-capitalised in an uncertain economic environment, while facing the challenges of the higher education sector.
3.2 A key risk to the Long Term Funds is inflation and these assets should be invested to mitigate this risk over the long term. The key risk to the Short Term Funds is financial security because they are expected to be required within a short timeframe and these assets should be invested to achieve this goal.
3.3 The College’s assets may be invested widely and should be diversified by asset class and security. The Investment Committee is charged with agreeing a suitable asset allocation strategy for the funds with the investment managers.
3.4 The College’s expenditure and the base currency of the investment portfolio is sterling. Investment within the portfolio may be made in non-sterling assets. Currency hedging is permitted in order to reduce the portfolio’s exposure to negative currency fluctuations against sterling.
3.5 The College’s management of its operational cash balances is contained within a separate policy.
4.1 The Investment Committee reviews the capital and income withdrawal required from the funds annually based on budgeted expenditure and spending rules for funds invested for total return and it addresses the liquidity considerations which arise from these requirements.
4.2 The College operates a substantial income earning business in the form of academic fees, charges for the provision of accommodation and catering to students and for commercial conferencing. Accordingly the College does not see merit in maintaining reserves and associated liquid funds by reference to a defined period’s expected expenditure. Rather, the College manages its operational cash requirement by reference to constantly updated cash flow forecasts. This is considered to fulfil the requirements of the Charities Commission guidance CC19 in relation to the potential maintenance of a specific balance of reserves invested for short-term liquidity.
5 Time Horizon
5.1 The College is expected to exist in perpetuity and the Long Term Funds should be managed to the investment objective in paragraph 2.2. and to ensure its sustainability.
6 Ethical Investment Policy
6.1 The College exercises its investment powers in accordance with the fiduciary duties pertinent to charity trustees, i.e. it exercises them primarily in the best interests of the College and to support financially its objects of education, learning, and research and maintenance of a College.
6.2 However, in addition to the level of investment return, it addresses the following considerations:
6.2.1 It does not invest in activities that are illegal or contravene international conventions;
6.2.2 It does not invest in businesses that would create a patent or reasonably self-evident conflict with the College’s objects;
6.2.3 It takes into account environmental, social and governance considerations, where doing so is consistent with the financial interests of the College, for example it may choose to avoid investments that are seen as having the potential to deter supporters, benefactors or beneficiaries if on balance alienating these groups would cause greater financial harm than the decision to avoid the investments in question;
6.3 In addition, the College may incorporate a specific ethical policy into its investment strategy, providing it does not entail material financial detriment and it does so by considering favourably, in its choice of investment managers, those which have strong ethical policies and where the managers have also generated excellent financial returns over the long term.
6.4 The Investment Committee review regularly their investment managers’ policies on corporate governance as well as social, environmental and ethical investment.
7 Management, Reporting and Monitoring
7.1 The College appoints managers to manage financial assets on a discretionary basis in line with this investment policy. The College has nominated a list of authorised signatories, two of which are required to sign instructions to the investment manager.
7.2 The College appoints advisers to advise on individual property assets.
7.3 The College appoints professional custodians to provide custody for quoted investments managed on a discretionary basis.
7.4 The investment managers of financial assets will provide the following information on at least a quarterly basis: valuation of investments, transaction report, cash reconciliation, performance analysis and commentary.
7.5 The Investment Committee, chaired by the President, has oversight of and monitors the investment assets. The Committee meets once a term and will review the information provided by the investment managers at each meeting. The investment managers of active portfolios are required to present in person to the Committee on a termly basis.
7.6 Performance of the Long Term Funds will be measured against inflation and agreed market indices. The return of the Short Term Funds will be monitored against benchmark cash rates.
8 Approval and Review
8.1 This Investment Policy Statement will be reviewed on an annual basis to ensure continuing appropriateness.